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User engagement




  • National Strategy for Quantum Technologies; a new era for the UK. March 2015. This document gives a strategy for quantum technologies in the UK, drawn up by the Quantum Technologies Strategic Advisory Board (QT SAB), which oversees the whole UK National Quantum Technologies Programme. Available to download from: https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/newsevents/pubs/quantumtechstrategy/
  • A Roadmap for Quantum Technologies in the UK. September 2015. This document provides a roadmap for quantum technologies in the UK and delivery on the national strategy. It is a distillation of the outputs of various roadmapping meetings facilitated by Innovate UK: stimulating application and market opportunities; enabling a strong foundation of capability in the UK; growing a skilled UK workforce in quantum technologies; creating the right social and regulatory context; and maximising UK benefit through international engagement. Available to download from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/470243/InnovateUK_QuantumTech_CO004_final.pdf
  • EPSRC Quantum Communications Hub flyer 2015. This is a short flyer on the Hub, outlining quantum communications and the technologies the Hub is working on. Available to download from: http://uknqt.epsrc.ac.uk/files/flyer-quantum-comms-hub/
  • Programme of events for the inaugural National Quantum Technologies Showcase, 11 November 2015, Royal Society, London - UKNQT Showcase 2015 Programme



  • ETSI White Paper on Implementation Security of Quantum Cryptography, no. 27, v.1.0, July 2018. Authors: several
  • Diamanti E. et al. (2016) Practical Challenges in Quantum Key Distibution. This review article surveys the range of challenges (such as secret key rate, distance, size, cost and practical security) that need to be addressed to facilitate widespread commercial deployment of secure quantum key distribution technologies. The article describes the approaches being pursued to address these challenges and gives a very extensive list of technical references. Available to download from: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1606.05853v1.pdf
  • Quantum Key Distribution (QKD); Component characterization: characterizing optical components for QKD systems. ETSI GS QKD 011 V1.1.1 (2016-05).  The latest ETSI standard document describes specifications and procedures for the characterization of optical components for use in QKD systems, including examples of specific tests and procedures for performing such tests. Available to download from: http://goo.gl/W8isNe
  • Quantum Key Distribution. A CESG White Paper, v 1.0, February 2016. This paper highlights physical and application limitations with current QKD technologies. It thus highlights some of the key challenges being addressed by the QKD technology community today. Available to download from: https://www.cesg.gov.uk/white-papers/quantum-key-distribution
  • Avascent White Paper – E. Rolfe, Place Your Bets: Creating a quantum technology strategy for defense (sic) firms. November 2015. This paper is from a US consultancy firm, giving their take on how quantum computing, communications and cascade lasers could affect the strategy of companies serving the defence and intelligence sectors. Available to download from: http://goo.gl/0NQDZb
  • ETSI White Paper no 8 - Quantum Safe Cryptography and Security; An introduction, benefits, enablers and challenges, June 2015, ISBN No. 979-10-92620-03-0. This is a very extensive paper which explains what “Quantum Safe” means, its applications and benefits, along with surveying the current state of the art in technologies (not just quantum) and protocols. Available to download from: http://www.etsi.org/images/files/ETSIWhitePapers/QuantumSafeWhitepaper.pdf
  • ID Quantique White Paper - IDQ on Quantum Technologies, v.2.0, October 2014. This paper provides a perspective on quantum technologies from an existing company in the sector, with a focus on Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) and its applications. Available to download from http://www.idquantique.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/Quantum-Technology-White-Paper.pdf
  • IDQ White Paper – Data in Transmission: Is your printer network secure? V.1.0, October 2012. This paper outlines potential risks and vulnerabilities in printer networks, along with a range of solutions. Available to download from: http://marketing.idquantique.com/acton/attachment/11868/f-0063/1/-/-/-/-/white-paper-printer-network.pdf
  • IDQ White Paper – Understanding Quantum Cryptography, v. 2.0, March 2012. This paper provides a perspective on quantum cryptography from an existing company in the sector, with a focus on Quantum Random Number Generation (QRNG) and Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), and their applications. Available to download from: http://marketing.idquantique.com/acton/attachment/11868/f-0060/1/-/-/-/-/Understanding%20Quantum%20Cryptography.pdf
  • IDQ White Paper – Fibre Optic Networks: Your Weakest Link? v.1.0, March 2011. This paper outlines a range of vulnerabilities of fibre optic communications technologies. Available to download from: http://marketing.idquantique.com/acton/attachment/11868/f-0062/1/-/-/-/-/white-paper-optical-fibers.pdf
  • IDQ White Paper – Separation of Duties: Dedicated vs Integrated Encryption Appliances, v. 1.0 February 2011. This paper provides a perspective on different approaches to encryption  for network communications. Available to download from: http://marketing.idquantique.com/acton/attachment/11868/f-0061/1/-/-/-/-/white-paper-encryption-appliance.pdf
  • SECOQC White Paper on Quantum Key Distribution and Cryptography, v.5.0, January 2007. This is a detailed paper focused on QKD, from the large EU project collaboration SECOQC that demonstrated an eight-link, metro-scale QKD network in Vienna in 2007. Available to download from: http://www.secoqc.net/downloads/secoqc_crypto_wp.pdf



  • Quantum Manifesto – Quantum Europe: A New Era of Technology, May 2016. This document, invited by the EU Commission, presents the current European strategy for future funding. The Quantum Manifesto calls upon Member States and the European Commission to launch a €1 billion Flagship-scale Initiative in Quantum Technology, preparing for a start in 2018 within the European H2020 research and innovation framework programme. Available to download from: http://qurope.eu/manifesto
  • Lewis A, Kraemer M & Travagnin M. Quantum Technologies: Implications for European Policy. Issues for debate. This is a Science for Policy Report from the European Joint Research Centre, raising policy issues and related questions across all quantum technology sectors. Available to download from:http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC101632
  • Omar Y. Digital agenda for Europe: a Europe 2020 initiative – Workshop on Quantum Technologies and Industry (DG Connect, Brussels; 6 May 2015). This is the Final Report on a workshop hosted by the European Commission, focused on identifying markets for quantum technologies and approaches to their commercialisation. Available to download from: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/report-workshop-quantum-technologies-and-industry
  • Pritchard J & Till S. UK Quantum Technology Landscape 2014. This document provides detailed discussions of all the quantum technology sectors, along with the application areas and market sectors that these could impact. (The document is currently being updated and a new version will be available in due course.) Available to download from: https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/newsevents/pubs/dstl-uk-quantum-technology-landscape-2014/
  • Lo H-K, Curty M & Tamaki K. Secure quantum key distribution. Nature Photonics 2014; 8:595–604, doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.149. This is a recent technical review article on quantum communications, which discusses the security model, together with its assumptions, strengths and weaknesses. Technology progress and challenges are surveyed, along with the latest developments in quantum hacking and counter-measures against it. A version is available for download at:  http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/1505.05303
  • Alléaume R, Branciard C, Bouda J et al. Using quantum key distribution for cryptographic purposes: a survey. Theoretical Computer Science 2014; 560:62–81. This is a revised version of the EU project SECOQC white paper on quantum communications. A version is available for download at: http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0701168
  • Länger T & Lenhart G. Standardization of quantum key distribution and the ETSI standardization initiative ISG-QKD. This paper analyses QKD as a cryptographic primitive and discusses how it can be incorporated into secure communications systems. Details of the approach of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) Industry Specification Group (ISG) in establishing standards for QKD are also given. New J. Phys. 2009; 11: 055051 doi: 10.1088/1367-2630/11/5/055051 Available to download from: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1367-2630/11/5/055051/meta
  • Quantum Key Distribution. Online resource at the STEM elibrary. This is teaching material on QKD, complied by the UK National STEM Learning Centre and with input from the Quantum Communications Hub. Available to download from: https://www.stem.org.uk/elibrary/resource/36335/quantum-key-distribution
  • What is Quantum Key Distribution? A short leaflet on QKD by the Quantum-Safe Security Working Group of the Cloud Security Alliance. Available to download from: https://downloads.cloudsecurityalliance.org/assets/research/quantum-safe-security/CSA_What%20is%20Quantum%20Key%20Distribution_QSS.pdf
  • ETSI Quantum Key Distribution Technical Leaflet. A short summary of QKD and the role of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute Available to download from: http://www.etsi.org/images/files/ETSITechnologyLeaflets/QuantumKeyDistribution.pdf
  • Bartlett BC. Securing Key Distribution with Quantum Cryptography. SANS Institute 2004. This document gives a simple discussion of quantum cryptography. It is also interesting to read now what was being predicted about quantum communications over a decade ago. Available to download from: https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/vpns/securing-key-distribution-quantum-cryptography-1448