Wilkinson K, N., et al., 2020, Long-distance continuous-variable measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution with postselection, Phys. Rev. Research 2, 033424. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033424
We introduce a robust scheme for long-distance continuous-variable (CV) measurement-device-independent (MDI) quantum key distribution in which we employ postselection between distant parties communicating through the medium of an untrusted relay. We perform a security analysis that allows for general transmissivity and thermal noise variance of each link, in which we assume that an eavesdropper performs a collective attack and controls the excess thermal noise in the channels. The introduction of postselection enables the parties to sustain a secret key rate over distances exceeding those of existing CV MDI protocols. In the worst-case scenario in which the relay is positioned equidistant between them, we find that the parties may communicate securely over a range of 14 km in standard optical fiber. Our protocol helps to overcome the rate-distance limitations of previously proposed CV MDI protocols while maintaining many of their advantages.