By Zhe-Xian Koong, Guillem Ballesteros-Garcia, Raphaël Proux, Dan Dalacu, Philip J. Poole, Brian D. Gerardot
Submitted to arXiv on 11 May 2020.
Solid-state quantum emitters are excellent sources of on-demand indistinguishable or entangled photons and can host long-lived spin memories, crucial resources for photonic quantum information applications. However, their scalability remains an outstanding challenge. Here we present a scalable technique to multiplex streams of photons from multiple independent quantum dots, on-chip, into a fiber network for use off-chip. Multiplexing is achieved by incorporating a multi-core fiber into a confocal microscope and spatially matching the multiple foci, seven in this case, to quantum dots in an array of deterministically positioned nanowires. First, we report the coherent control of the emission of biexciton-exciton cascade from a single nanowire quantum dot under resonant two-photon excitation. Then, as a proof-of-principle demonstration, we perform parallel spectroscopy on the nanowire array to identify two nearly identical quantum dots at different positions which are subsequently tuned into resonance with an external magnetic field. Multiplexing of background-free single photons from these two quantum dots is then achieved. Our approach, applicable to all types of quantum emitters, can readily be scaled up to multiplex >100 quantum light sources, providing a breakthrough in hardware for photonic based quantum technologies. Immediate applications include quantum communication, quantum simulation, and quantum computation.