Andersson A, Stroh L, Puthoor IV, Reichmuth D, Horova N, Stárek R, Mičuda M, Dušek M, Wallden P. “Quantum cryptography beyond quantum key distribution: variants of quantum oblivious transfer”. Proc. SPIE 12446, Quantum Computing, Communication, and Simulation III, 124460C (8 March 2023). DOI: 10.1117/12.2656196
Modern cryptography is more than sending secret messages, and quantum cryptography is more than quantum key distribution. One example is oblivious transfer, which is interesting partly because it can be used to implement secure multiparty computation. We discuss a protocol for quantum XOR oblivious transfer, and how non-interactive quantum oblivious transfer protocols can be “reversed”, so that oblivious transfer is still implemented from a sender to a receiver, but so that it is the receiver who sends a quantum state to the sender, who measures it, instead of the other way round. This is useful when one party can only prepare and send quantum states, and the other party can only measure them, which is often the case in practical quantum communication systems. Both the “original” XOR oblivious transfer protocol and its reversed version have been implemented optically. We also discuss how quantum random access codes can be connected with quantum oblivious transfer.