Tang X, Kumar R, Sun C et al., 2021, ‘Towards underwater coherent optical wireless communications using a simplified detection scheme’, Optics Express, Vol. 29, Issue 13, pp. 19340-19351. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.426820
In this paper, an effective method of underwater coherent optical wireless communication (UCOWC) with a simplified detection scheme is proposed. The proof-of-concept experiments with M-ary PSK have been conducted with a common laser used for the signal source and local oscillator (LO). The BER performance has been evaluated at different underwater channel attenuations and the maximum achievable attenuation length (AL) with a BER below the forward error correction (FEC) limit of 3.8×10−3 is investigated. The tested system offers data rates of 500 Mbps, 1 Gbps, and 1.5 Gbps with the BPSK, QPSK and 8PSK modulated signals, respectively. The corresponding maximum achievable attenuation lengths are measured as 13.4 AL 12.5 AL, and 10.7 AL. In addition, the performance degradation of the practical system with separate free running lasers for the signal and LO is also estimated. To the best of our knowledge, the UCOWC system is proposed and experimentally studied for the first time. This work provides a simple and effective approach to take advantages of coherent detection in underwater wireless optical communication, opening a promising path toward the development of practical UCOWC with next-generation underwater data transmission requirements on the capacity and transmission distance.